The Angel Philosopher 这集 episode,我起码听了 20 遍。但每次打开 Podcast,都忍不住再听一次。从读书、习惯、决策,到认知,Naval 给出了自己的真知灼见,每次听都有新收获。

这篇博客主要记录了其中关于读书的见解,一句话归纳就是:反复读几本书,而不是单纯看很多书。

Naval 的简介用一句话就可以:

Naval is the CEO and co-founder of AngelList. He’s invested in more than 100 companies, including Uber, Twitter, Yammer, and so many others.

Naval 读书的方法来自于他对知识的认识:

I think learning should be about learning the basics in all the filelds and learning them really well over and over.

闲言碎语不要讲,直接进入干货区。

读书是最好的投资

一本书只有几块钱,但可能改变你的人生。

A really good book costs $10 or $20 and can change your life in a meaningful way. It’s not something I believe in saving money on. This was even back when I was broke and I had no money. I always spent money on books. I never viewed that as an expense. That’s an investment to me. I probably spend 10 times as much money on books as I actually get through. In other words, for every $200 worth of books I buy, I actually end up making it through 10%. I’ll read $20 worth of books, but it’s still absolutely worth it.

好书要反复读

“I don’t want to read everything. I just want to read the 100 great books over and over again.” I think there’s a lot to that. It’s really more about identifying what are the great books to you, because different books speak to different people, and then really absorbing those.

读书要抓住重点

书没有从头读到尾,不应该有罪恶感。抓住重点,并为我所用,才是读书的目的。

I skim. I speed read. I jump around. I could not tell you specific passages or quotes from books. At some deep level, you do absorb them and they become part of the threads of the tapestry of your psyche.

Then with the Kindle and the iBooks coming along, that allowed me to start treating books like I treat blogs. When I go to blog, I’ll actually skim through lots of articles until I find one that looks really interesting and then I’ll read that whole article all the way through and maybe take notes. Now I treat books the same way. I’ll skim through a large number of books. I’ll put them down. I’ll jump around, back, forward, middle, until I find a part that’s interesting. Then I’ll just consume that piece. I won’t feeling guilty about having to finish the entire book.

I’ll start at the beginning, but I’ll move fast. If it’s not interesting, I’ll just start flipping ahead or I’ll just start skimming or speed reading. If it doesn’t grab my attention within the first chapter in a meaningfully positive way, I’ll either drop the book or I’ll skip ahead a few chapters.

谨慎选择要读的书

如果你想出类拔萃,就应该放弃大众读物。

I think almost everything that people read these days is designed for social approval. If you really want to be successful, happy, blah, blah, all those external metrics, you’re looking for a non-average outcome. You can’t read the average things, to your point.

利用碎片时间

只要得一分钟的空闲,Naval 都会捧起书本。

I read when I’m bored of everything else. The good news is I get bored very easily. There is always a book to capture the imagination. Usually at night time before I go to bed I’ll read, but it’s not a flawless thing. When I’m on vacation I’ll read. If I’m sitting in a Lyft or an Uber, I’ll read.

Sometimes in the morning at home, after I’ve worked out, I’ll just read. Sometimes when I wake up, I’ll just grab my phone and read. I’m not a very disciplined person. I don’t really set these hard and fast rules for myself. The good news is I just love to read. Because I love to read, whenever I’m bored and I have time, I just do it. Thanks to the iPhone or the Kindle and the iPad, they just make it really easy.

同时阅读多本书

Naval 在他的 Kindle 中保存了几百本书,根据当时的心境,随时拿起一本就开始读。

我们毕竟是情绪的动物,有时候受限于身体状况或者情绪,对干货也是免疫。这时候就可以读读其他的书来调剂一下。

将读书变成一种习惯

The reality is I don’t actually read that much compared to what people think. I probably read one to two hours a day. That puts me in the top .00001%.

Real people don’t read an hour a day. Real people, I think, read a minute a day or less. Making it an actual habit is the most important thing.

The important thing is to do something every day. It doesn’t matter what it is. I would argue the important thing is to read every day.

兼听则明

不断扩充自己的观点库,走出舒适区。

I read all kinds of stuff that other people consider junk or even reprehensible. I read all kinds of stuff that I disagree with because they’re mind bending.